When writing and/or mentioning tea in Burma, or any other country for that issue, it is inescapable to depart on the trip right into the world of tea in China – in south-west China to be specific – for that is as I will clarify in the following certainly from where tea is initially coming from.
The discussion on whether or not the history of Burmese tea and also the alcohol consumption of tea in Burma have actually come from China has possibly a lot more to do with at least some Bamars’/ Burmans’ reluctance to admit that the origin of tea is China which the drinking of tea was embraced by them later on from the Shan, than with tea, tea alcohol consumption as well as tea culture itself. The realities are that tea both as plant as well as beverage was discovered and had actually come to be vital part of Chinese and also later Shan culture currently at once when no Bamar/Burman had actually ever established foot into what is nowadays Burma (considering that 1989 additionally called Myanmar).
To put it simply the first kingdom of the Bamar the ‘kingdom of Pagan’ (that was really started by the Pyu, and also while we are at it, Anawrahta, the 42nd king of Pagan who is by the Bamar/Burman thought about the creator of the 1st Burman kingdom was a Pyu, not a Bamar/Burman) did back then not exist what is currently the definite response to the concern of the origin of tea, tea drinking as well as tea culture in Burma; Burma or any type of predecessor of it simply really did not exist in or throughout the period concerned, period. Yet why are there still people (not a lot of them, though) that in the face of all truths and logic say that Burmese tea, tea drinking as well as tea society are not come from China? Short answer: Because the area that remained in pre-Bamar time lived in by the Shan is now laying partly within the far north east of Burma. Nevertheless, that these locations are nowadays located within Burma’s boundaries does not necessarily indicate that the exact location in which Camellia sinensis was initially discovered and where it after that spread to India, with all of south-east Asia and also, finally, throughout the world lies within north-east Burma. It is possible however it is likewise feasible that Camellia sinensis – equated from Latin right into English the name implies ‘Tea blossom’ (camellia) ‘from China’ (sinensis) – has at a later moment extended into the location now covered by the north-eastern part of Burma.
Guide of tea is a book with numerous web pages as well as phases starting shrouded in the mist of myth and also tale a long time back in 3000 BC. Fe-acc18 There is also the concrete date 2725 BC stated what is linking the (unintentional) discovery and the later alcohol consumption of tea to the Chinese emperor Shen Nung concerning that I will inform you much more a bit later. No person truly knows when it was that the alcohol consumption of tea (what at that time was always eco-friendly tea since it was unfermented likewise called unoxidised) began to become part of Chinese culture. That is why it can not be within the range of this article to (as interesting as this may be) take care of relevant misconceptions, tales as well as mythology in order to reveal tea background’s trick of when and where this was and how it happened. The solution to this question will certainly never be found anyhow what implies that it will for always remain hidden behind the curtain of legend. Therefore we have to find truths in the form of created records and historical locates that will give us tea related info we are looking for. And also regarding that is worried we do not need to search for long.
We are given the initial reputable info in a Chinese encyclopaedia that was begun to be put together and created throughout the Han Dynasty sometime around 325 BC and also additional expanded from then on: its name is Erya likewise spelled Erh-ya. The writer of the Erya is unknown yet it is amongst scholars approved that this have been disciples of Confucius. Here we find documents letting us understand that tea was already understood and drunken at least at the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty in 1046 BC, most likely previously. Nevertheless, it is not specified whether it was tea made from camellia sinensis leaves and also drunken for satisfaction or some herbal most likely not extremely delicious tea inebriated for clinical purposes just.
From later documents we understand that developing and also drinking tea was already part of the Chinese individuals’s day-to-day life at the start of the Han Dynasty in 206 B.C. or perhaps earlier. That the drinking of tea has so fairly fast permeated the Chinese culture would absolutely not have been feasible without Buddhist monks. It was the Buddhist monk orders that have not only spread out the alcohol consumption of tea amongst the population yet that had also taken control of the growing and also processing of tea. Soon after tea as beverage had actually been presented throughout the Han Dynasty, Buddhism was associated with tea. The Buddhist monks have actually really early identified that tea was a cheap as well as rejuvenating beverage with taste and also fragrance that kept them awake.
From the by Lu Yu throughout the Tang Empire written and at concerning 760 AD published publication ‘The Classic of Tea’ (Cha Jing in Chinese) we can take that green tea was known and drunken throughout all of China for enjoyment from 618 ADVERTISEMENT, or earlier on. For Lu Yu tea was the sign of harmony and mysterious unity of deep space where we can see exactly how highly he thought of tea.
An astonishing exploration would certainly (at the time of this writing in 2016) 1255 years later show Lu Yun wrong in up until now as environment-friendly tea was already a prominent beverage in south and west China earlier than 141 BC. The a.m. astonishing exploration was that it was confirmed that leaves found in the burial place of the 6th Emperor of the western Han Dynasty, Emperor Jin of Han (Liu Qi), where actual (Camellia sinensis) tea leaves that were provided him together with hundreds of clay soldiers as well as numerous various other points as grave great for the journey right into his immortality. To avoid complication, the emperor’s tomb was already uncovered in the 1990s during road building job, which by itself (not the roadway building and construction but the exploration of the Emperor’s tomb) was a world experience. However, relative to the contents of this post the searching for of the tea leaves was much more thrilling due to the fact that these tea leaves are one of the most ancient and also finest tea leaves ever uncovered what has gained them an access in the Guinness Publication of World Records as ‘The globe’s earliest tea leaves’.
Similar to many other things the beginning of alcohol consumption tea is soaked in legend. There are different stories concerning how the initial phase of guide of tea begins and having reviewed them I have actually concerned the conclusion that 99.99 percent of them belong into the world of legends. Among one of the most preferred Chinese legends is the with wonderful satisfaction repeatedly informed tale concerning an emperor’s pot of warm water that happened to be positioned specifically under a tea tree where tea leaves were certain to go down right into the pot. Naturally, oh marvel (just how might it be any type of different) tea leaves came under the pot with boiling water whereupon the emperor secured of curiosity a sip of the formerly unknown currently somewhat yellowish-brown coloured water. He was, as the tale goes, so excited concerning the scent as well as preference that after that he made tea his preferred drink and the drinking of tea became part of Chinese culture. The emperor in this tale is the mythical emperor Shen Nung additionally led to Shannong, Shen Nong who is by the Chinese venerated as the ‘Divine Farmer’ and also the ‘Dad of Chinese Herbal Medication’. He was what is nowadays called ‘pharmacologist’, and also it is believed that he has ‘lived’ 140 years, from 2838 BC to 2698 BC. This is no doubt all pure tale but its origin could be seen against the background of the truth that Shen Nung was herbalist which tea was at the beginning utilized as organic medication in both strong (as veggie or salad) and/or liquid kind (as tea).
What is tea as well as where is it stemmed? Briefly put, tea is a drink typically including water and all-natural (uncured) as well as healed tea fallen leaves of the species camellia sinensis. This is, as previously claimed, an evergreen hedge native to Asia that can when it continues to be unblemished expand in the wilderness into a tree with an elevation of some 55 feet/ 17 m. By the way, why do we call tea, tea? Let me quickly clarify where the name ‘tea’ stemmed as well as where it spread around the globe. The name ‘tea’ has its beginning in China where 2 names are made use of for the very same beverage. It is called ‘Cha’ in Mandarin chinese language and also ‘Tay’ in Xiamenese dialect. In 1644 the British established a trading post in Xiamen as well as anglicised the Xiamenese ‘tay’ what, subsequently, came to be ‘tea’ a name that in the following time rapidly spread via and also was approved by the English speaking world.
Where specifically is Camellia sinensis originated? As astonishing as it appears and whatever we may think of it, considerable and comprehensive research study has actually resulted in the result that this tea plant – the Camellia sinensis – was not a plant that had or might have advanced as well as grown independently in several parts of the globe however amazingly sufficient just within a relatively small area located in and constrained to an area that does include parts of what is nowadays the Shan state (as north as well as north-eastern part of the at that time not existing Burma) and the Chinese districts Yunnan and Sichuan.
However whether ‘Burmese’ tea has its origin in China (what it has) or not, or whether the drinking of tea entered into the Burman’s society just after it was presented to them by the Shan (what it was) or whether or not the well-known ‘Burmese milk tea is actually Indian tea presented by the Indian – and NOT British – individuals throughout British early american times (what it was as well as is) does actually not matter much – if anything – since the reality continues to be that ‘tea’ has more than time (trough all the Bamar/Burman kingdoms, the British colonial times and the past-independence time) turned into an essential part of the supposed ‘Burmese beverage and also food society’ what it continues to be to be to this day and will certainly constantly be wherewith I have actually now ‘beamed’ us from the old past right into the present.
Prior to our arrival at one of the many Burmese tea shops in Yangon – no joke, they are actually at every edge, what is true for every location with greater than 2 houses in all of Burma – to appreciate a cup or 2 of the popular ‘Burmese Milk Tea’ and also one of the tasty Burmese tea leave salads called ‘Lahpet Thoke’ at the end of this short article let us begin at the start, by briefly addressing concerns such as, where tea is growing within the boundaries of contemporary Burma, what sort of tea it is, just how it is processed after being connected, of what quality Burmese tea is compared to the qualities of e.g. China, India and also various other Oriental countries, and so forth.